As a permanent resident, you are generally eligible for naturalization after five years. Naturalization is the most common way that people apply to become a U.S. citizen. To qualify, you must have lived in the U.S. continuously for the five years immediately preceding the date you file Form N-400, Application for Naturalization.
Naturalization for Legal Permanent Residents
The Immigration and Nationality Act sets forth the citizenship requirements for a 5-year permanent resident.
An applicant for naturalization must meet the following citizenship requirements:
- Be at least 18 years old
- Be a permanent resident (green card holder) for at least 5 years
- Has lived within the state for at least 3 months before filing the application
- Has continuous residence in the U.S. as a permanent resident for 5 years before filing the application
- Has been physically present in the U.S. for at least 30 months out of the 5 years before filing the application
- Be able to pass the English test as well as U.S. history and government test
- Be a person of good moral character